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Philip Dru: Administrator

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<SPAN name="XLII"></SPAN> <h1 align="center" style="margin-top: 2em;font-variant: small-caps">Chapter XLII</h1> <h2 align="center" style="margin-top: 2em;font-variant: small-caps">New State Constitutions</h2> <p align="center">I.</p> <p>To the States, Administrator Dru gave governments in all essentials like that of the nation. In brief the State instruments held the following provisions:</p> <p>1. The House of Representatives shall consist of one member for every fifty thousand inhabitants, and never shall exceed a membership of two hundred in any State.</p> <p>2. Representatives shall be elected for a term of two years, but not more than one session shall be held during their tenure of office unless called in special session by the Speaker of the House with the approval of the Governor.</p> <p>3. Representatives shall be elected in November, and the House shall convene on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in January to sit during its own pleasure.</p> <p>4. Representatives shall make rules for their self-government and shall be the general state law making body.</p> <p align="center">II.</p> <p>1. The Senate shall be composed of one member from each congressional district, but there shall never be less than five nor more than fifty in any State Senate.</p> <p>2. Senators shall be elected for a term of ten years subject to recall at the end of each two years, by petition signed by a majority of the electorate of their district.</p> <p>3. (a) No legislation shall originate in the Senate. Its function is to advise as to measures sent there by the House, to make suggestions and such amendments as might seem pertinent, and return the measure to the House, for its final action.</p> <p>(b) When a bill is sent to the Senate by the House, if approved, it shall become a law, if disapproved, it shall be returned to the House with the objections stated.</p> <p>(c) If the House considers a measure of sufficient importance, it may dissolve immediately and let the people pass upon it, or they may wait until a regular election for popular action.</p> <p>(d) If the people approve the measure, the House <i>must enact it in the same form as when disapproved by the Senate,</i> and it shall then become a law.</p> <p align="center">III.</p> <p>1. (a) The Governor shall be elected by a direct vote of all the people.</p> <p>(b) His term of office shall be six years, and he shall be ineligible for re-election. He shall be subject to recall at the end of every two years by a majority vote of the State. [Footnote: The recall is used here, as in other instances, because of the lengthened term and the desirability of permitting the people to pass upon a Governor&#8217;s usefulness at shorter periods.]</p> <p>2. (a) He shall have no veto power or other control over legislation, and shall not make any suggestions or recommendations in regard thereto.</p> <p>(b) His function shall be purely executive. He may select his own council or fellow commissioners for the different governmental departments, and they shall hold their positions at his pleasure.</p> <p>(c) All the Governor&#8217;s appointees shall be confirmed by the Senate before they may assume office.</p> <p>(d) The Governor may be held strictly accountable by the people for the honest, efficient and economical conduct of the government, due allowance being made for the fact that he is in no way responsible for the laws under which he must work.</p> <p>(e) It shall be his duty also to report to the legislature at each session, giving an account of his stewardship regarding the enforcement of the laws, the conduct of the different departments, <i>etc</i>., <i>etc</i>., and making an estimate for the financial budget required for the two years following.</p> <p>3.(a) There shall be a Pardon Board of three members who shall pass upon all matters relating to the Penal Service.</p> <p>(b) This Board shall be nominated by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate. After their confirmation, the Governor shall have no further jurisdiction over them.</p> <p>(c) They shall hold office for six years and shall be ineligible for reappointment.</p>
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