English grammar




Capitalization means using a capital letter (for example, A instead of a). The use of capital letters helps readers read your writing without confusion.

Always capitalize the following:

The first word in a sentence.

  • I grew up in India.
  • She left a message on my phone.

The pronoun I.

  • This country is where I dreamed of.

The first letter of a proper noun (specific name).

  • Jonh wants to play soccer with us.
  • This letter is from Chang.
  • I graduated from the University of New York.
  • I like Coca-Cola.

The first letter of months, days, and holidays (but not seasons).

  • Today is June 8, 2011.
  • Susie’s birthday is this Thursday.
  • The shops are closed on Easter.
  • This summer is going to be very hot.

The first letter of nationalities, religions, races of people, and languages.

  • We often eat Italian food.
  • I want to master many languages, such as Spanish, Korean, Chinese, and Russian.
  • There is one Christian church in my town.

The first letter in a person’s title.

  • This is Dr. Simon.
  • I got it from Mr. Tom.

Geographic areas: cities, states, countries, mountains, oceans, rivers, etc.

  • My destination is Paris, France.
  • Hawaii is in the middle of the Pacific Ocean.

Historical periods.

  • The Renaissance began in the 14th century.
  • The Qing Dynasty is the last dynasty in China.

The first letter of each major word in the title of a book, movie, article, etc.

  • Tolstoy’s War and Peace is my favorite novel.
  • I found the article “How to Write a Good Cover Letter” in this magazine.